All kinds of families!


Help people working in early childhood to answer children’s questions regarding different family settings ;
Showcase and talk about diversified family settings ;
Ensure that children with non-traditional families feel included.
All kinds of families!

Brief description of the issue

There are multiple family settings: homoparental, heterosexual, one parent, etc. However, within children’s literature and our interactions with children, it is often taken for granted that the child has a mother and a father living together, although this heteronormative model doesn’t represent the reality of a great number of children. To deconstruct family stereotypes, this tool shares a few tools and activities to showcase a variety of family settings to children.

Heteronormativity: Heteronormativity is the belief that heterosexuality, predicated on the gender binary, is the norm or default sexual orientation. It assumes that sexual and marital relations are most (or only) fitting between people of opposite sex.

Responding simply to children’s questions

This document, available for download at the bottom of this page and created by the LGBT Family Coalition (2014), presents a few questions frequently asked by K-2 children about family diversity. Possible answers are suggested, although they can be adapted according to your personality and the different characteristics of your class. In a nutshell, a relevant content to help adults respond simply to children’s questions about the creation of families, differences and sexual orientation.

Otis and Alice: a homoparental family

Otis and Alice is a children’s book (4–8 years old) from Ariane Bertouille published in 2013, which depicts a homoparental family with lesbian moms. The LGBT Family Coalition created a pedagogical activity (see the resources available for download) to accompany the book that fosters the development of many abilities.

Reacting to children’s homophobic words and actions

Children crossing the lines of the stereotypes assigned to their gender by, amongst other behaviours, participating in activities traditionally associated with the opposite sex can be called “gay” or “lesbian” by other kids. It is important to show, first of all, that all activities, toys, and clothes have no gender, i.e. all children can own them, no matter what gender they identify to. After that, the use of words designating homosexual people as insults is a homophobic behaviour that we must address. The tool Reacting to children’s homophobic words and actions, created by the LGBT Family Coalition (2014), suggests concrete ways to act to put an end to homophobic behaviours in our environment.


Responding simply to children's questions
File size: 565 KB (application/pdf)
Otis and Alice- a family with two moms?
File size: 1 MB (application/pdf)


HARRIS J., WHITE V. (2018). A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care. Oxford University Press. p. 335. ISBN 978-0192516862. Retrieved August 19, 2018.

BERTOUILLE, Ariane (2013). Otis and Alice, Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 32 pages.